Do Air Fryers Use Radiation?
Concerns about kitchen appliance safety have risen over time as the technology becomes more sophisticated.
People want to know if air fryer radiation is the cooking method used for air fried food.
Hence, if you are curious to know if air fryers use radiation, or EMF (electromotive force), as the cooking process, similar to how a microwave ovens work, then this is the post you are looking for!
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How Does an Air Fryer Work?
An air fryer, or sometimes called an oilless fryer, can be viewed as a small convection oven.
It is a small cooking appliance, with a radiating heat element at the top, and the hot air is quickly circulated around the inside of the unit. The air is forced down the sides of the air fryer, and then it circulates back up through the middle.
The fast-moving, hot, air, sometimes referred to as rapid-air technology, touches all sides of the food. This quickly removes the moisture from the outside of the food. This process seals the outside layer of the food, thus starting the fried food process known as the Maillard reaction.
The Maillard reaction is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reduced sugars that gives food the browned, crispy, crunch. This process occurs between 140 to 165 degress Celsius, or about 280 to 330 degrees Fahrenheit.
Given the variety of fried foods, it is the highly desirable cooking process effect that people are trying to replicate by air frying, but with less hot oil than deep frying.
What Is Radiation And How Can You Detect It?
One definition of radiation is the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves. To put that into English, that means that power signals are transferred through the air, and are invisible to the human eye.
The proper technical term is electromotive force , which is usually abbreviated as EMF.
There are other types of radiation associated with nuclear reactors and warfare, however, those types of radiation do not apply to this cooking appliance, fortunately!
If you are interested in measuring the electromagnetic radiation from microwave radiation, then you will want to check out the Benetech GM3120 electromagnetic radiation detector!
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Does an Air Fryer Emit Radiation?
No, air fryers do not use, produce or emit electromagnetic radiation to cook food. Air fryers use radiated heat , which is quickly circulated around the food.
This unique process causes the outside of the food to dry out extremely quick and creates a crispy coating like fried food has on it.
In addition, it helps seal in all of the juices so that the inside of the food does not dry out. The chemical reaction that occurs on the surface of the food is known as the Maillard reaction.
You will not induce the Maillard reaction with microwave cooking!
A typical radiating heat element from an air fryer is shown in this picture. It reminds me of a heating element for a stove.
Other kitchen appliances, like convection ovens , toaster ovens, and traditional ovens, also utilize radiant heat to cook the food.
Do Air Fryers Get Hot on the Outside From the Radiated Heat?
Superior design and proper insulation keeps the outside of the air fryer very hot while the hot radiated heat is blowing around the inside.
This leaves the outside of the air fryer very warm , but still safe to touch. Hence, you do not have to worry about yourself, or someone else, burning their hands from touching it.
If you’re ever used a conventional oven, toaster oven or traditional oven, then you already know that the outside gets extremely hot because of the lack of insulation.
That’s one more safety benefit to owning an air fryer!
Are Air Fryers Safe to Use?
Yes, air fryers are safe to use! I already discussed how the heat transfer process for an air fryer works above using radiated heat flowing quickly around the food. The heat process isn’t that far different from infrared radiation, but without the fast moving air!
Also, air fryers require little to no hot frying oil to get a similar taste and crunch as traditional deep fryer meals.
By not cooking in hot oil, this minimizes the creation of the chemical acrylamide, which is listed as a carcinogen. One study found 90% less acrylamide in air fried potatoes, like french fries, compared with deep frying the potatoes.
There are several safety features built into air fryers, such as timers for the cooking the food, and they shut off immediately when the basket and pan are pulled out.
This makes air fryers much safer to operate and cook with than when you deep fry food.
What Foods Can You Air Fry?
You can air fry a lot of the same types of deep fried food that you like.
Here’s a short list of types of food you might normally fry.
- French fries
- Fried chicken
- Potato wedges
- Frozen food
- Chicken wings
- Cheese sticks
Do Air Fryers Use a Lot of Electricity?
Most air fryers use between 900W and 1700W of power (W is for the unit of power called watt ).
The amount of power used depends on the size, cooking capacity, model, and temperature you are air frying.
For instance, a small compact air fryer, like the Dash Compact Air Fryer, only uses 900W of power to operate.
The Dash Compact Air Fryer is ideal for tiny homes, recreational vehicles (RVs), and college dorm rooms.
On the other hand, the GoWISE USA 5.8 quart electric air fryer can use up to 1700W of power at maximum temperature!
A large air fryer like this is ideal for family homes with 4-6 family members.
You can safely assume that most air fryers will use a power amount between those two extremes.
In terms of kitchen appliances, air frying uses about as much power as any other cooking method, such as microwave ovens, toaster ovens, or conventional ovens.
Conclusion – Air Fryers Do Not Use Radiation to Cook
In summary, there’s not much to say when it comes to answering the question if an air fryer uses radiation or not.
Air fryer radiation is easily explained as being radiated heat, and not electromagnetic radiation that is used by a microwave.
Air fryers are safe and utilize a proven technology, and they work similar to convection ovens.